Royal Palace of Madrid Architecture

About Royal Palace of Madrid’s Architecture

The Royal Palace of Madrid’s architecture is the pride of Spain with its origin dating back to the 18th century. The Royal Palace served as the official residence of the Royal Family of Spain and it is still the official residence of the Royal Crown. 

The palace was constructed by the emir Mohammed I with the intention of defending Toledo from the Christian troops. At that time, the structure was used as a defensive fortress which was later destroyed in a fire on Christmas Eve in 1734. After some years, the first ruler of the Bourbons dynasty, Felipe V, started the reconstruction of the Royal Palace. It is one of the biggest palaces in Europe that was designed by an Italian architect, Filippo Juvarra and later completed by his successor, Juan de Villanueva

The Royal Palace attracts tourists from all over the world and it is one of the most significant attractions in Spain. The stunning architecture of Royal Palace In Madrid that has an extensive number of art and artifacts coupled with magnificent interiors. The Palace holds significant cultural as well as historical importance that allows you to get a glimpse of the Royal life in Spain. You get to marvel at the detailed interiors of the Palace that includes the Royal Pharmacy, the Throne Room and the Royal Armory.

Royal Palace of Madrid: Architectural Facts


The entire architecture of Royal Palace, Madrid is spread over a total area of 135,000 square meters. Get ready to be amazed by this phenomenal structure that portrays the beauty of French Baroque architecture with elements of neoclassical style. The walls and stairs of the Palace were made of Spanish marble and golden stucco whereas mahogany was used on the doors and windows. The Palace has a total of 3418 rooms, 870 windows, 44 staircases and 240 balconies, making it one of the largest palaces in Europe.

Facade Design

The facade of the Royal Palace in Spain gives out an elegant appearance informing tourists about the rich heritage of Spain. The Palace’s facade was mainly made out of a combination of materials such as granite and white limestone. It was designed in a perfect symmetrical shape that is pleasing to the human eye and gives a brilliant visual effect. The Palace is ornamented by artworks of some of the most leading artists such as Giaquinto, Francisco de Goya, Bayeu and Maella, Caravaggio, Velázquez and Tiepolo and Mengs.

Interior Layout

As you enter through the Royal Palace, you will realize that the structure is an astonishing mixture of royalty and elegance. It is a mix of French Baroque architecture and Neoclassical style that includes grand windows and doors. The interior of the Palace is decorated by art pieces and paintings by eminent artists of that time adding to the preserved beauty of the Palace. Tourists will get to explore the stunning interiors of the Royal Armory, the Throne Room, the Hall of Mirrors and the Royal Pharmacy that speaks of the wealth of the Royal Family. 

Court of the Royals

The Royal Palace of Madrid used to be an official residence of the Royal Family of Spain. The Royal Family managed all their administrative work from here. Currently, the Palace is only used for state ceremonies and for tourists to visit and know more about the history and culture of Spain. Before being a residence for the Royal Family, the Palace was used as a defense fortress. Carlos I and his son Philip II were the first ones who converted it into an official residence for the monarchs.

Neoclassical Influence

Apart from being one of the largest palaces in Europe, tourists from all over the world also visit to admire this architectural masterpiece that is a mixture of both French Baroque and neoclassical style. 

The Royal Palace was initially designed in French Baroque style but after the fire of 1734, they planned to reconstruct and redecorate it. This gave them the opportunity to add neoclassical influence to the structure, making it look more appealing. The neoclassical influence was added to the architecture in the year 1760 by a famous Italian architect, Francesco Sabatini. 

Restoration and Preservation

The Palace that was initially a defensive fortress was burnt down in a fire on the Christmas Eve of 1734. In 1760, the first ruler of the Bourbon dynasty, Felipe V took the responsibility of reconstructing the Palace.

The Royal Palace of Madrid’s architecture is beautifully ornamented by the preserved art works and frescoes by leading artists of that time like Tiepolo and Mengs, Caravaggio, Francisco de Goya and Giaquinto. Tourists can also see the preserved collection of Porcelain watches, the Royal Armory, the Throne Room, the Royal Pharmacy, silverware, furniture and the world’s only completed Stradivarius string quintet.

FAQs For Royal Palace Of Madrid Architecture

What style is the Royal Palace of Madrid?

The Royal Palace of Madrid is a blend of Baroque, Rococo, and Neoclassical styles.

Who designed the Royal Palace of Madrid?

The palace was initially designed by Italian architect Filippo Juvarra, but after his death, Spanish architect Juan Bautista Sachetti took over the project and oversaw its construction.

When was the Royal Palace of Madrid built?

The palace was built in the 18th century during the reign of King Philip V, and was completed in 1764 under the reign of King Charles III.

What are the main sections of the Royal Palace of Madrid?

The palace is divided into three main sections: the State Rooms, the Private Apartments, and the Museum Rooms.

What is the most impressive room in the Royal Palace of Madrid?

The Throne Room is one of the most impressive rooms in the palace, featuring a gilded ceiling, marble columns, and a red velvet throne.

Is the Royal Palace of Madrid open to the public?

Yes, the palace is open to the public and serves as a museum and a popular tourist attraction.

What other buildings are located on the grounds of the Royal Palace of Madrid?

Other notable buildings on the palace grounds include the Royal Chapel and the Royal Armory, both of which feature impressive architecture and decoration.

What is the significance of the Plaza de la Armería?

The Plaza de la Armería is a courtyard located in front of the palace that is decorated with statues and fountains. It is often used for state ceremonies and events.


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